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In , further research indicated this method could explain the regularly spaced post holes where the statues were moved over rough ground. In , British explorer James Cook visited Easter Island and reported that some statues had fallen over. First, the front side was carved with all of the details except the eye sockets. Generally, the anatomical features of the backs are not detailed, but sometimes bear a ring and girdle motif on the buttocks and lower back. Ahu are on average 1.

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Archaeology, Ecology and Culture. You can help Wikipedia by adding to it. Since the removal of the first moai, Hoa Hakananai’a, from Easter Island in by the crew of HMS Topaze79 complete moai, heads, torsos, pukao, and moai mpais are also known to have been removed from their original sites, and transferred to either private collections, the collections of museums including the Museo Arqueological Padre Sebastian Englert on Easter Island, [5] the Otago Museum in New Zealand, [6] and the British Museum in London [3]and one was presented as a gift to the American University, Washington D.

InSergio Rapu Haoa and a team of archaeologists collected and reassembled broken fragments of white coral that were found at the various ahu sites. The arms are carved in bas relief and rest against the body in various positions, hands and omais slender fingers resting along the crests of the hips, meeting at the hami loinclothwith the thumbs sometimes pointing towards the navel. Some of the incomplete mooais seem to have been abandoned after the carvers encountered inclusions of very hard rock in the material.

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Moai – New World Encyclopedia

Recent experimental recreations have proven that it is fully possible that the moai were literally walked from their quarries to their final positions by ingenious use of ropes. They were then subjected to forceful removal from their native lands and made to reside on a much smaller portion of the island while the rest was used for farming. After the Pukao were made in the quarry, they were rolled by hand or on tree logs to the site of the statues along an ancient road.

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To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats. Mulloy’s Rapa Nui projects include the investigation of the Akivi-Vaiteka Complex and the physical restoration of Ahu Akivi ; the investigation and restoration of Ahu Ko Te Riku and Ahu Vai Uri and the Tahai Ceremonial Complex ; the investigation and restoration of two ahu at Hanga Kio’e ; the investigation and restoration of the ceremonial village at Orongo and numerous other archaeological surveys throughout the island.

Archived from the original on 11 May The riddle of the moving statues”. Pukao are cylindrical in shape with a dent on the underside to fit on the head of the moai and a boss or knot on top.

InJo Anne Van Tilburg suggested that placing sleds on lubricated rollers would greatly reduce the number of people required to move the statues. Early explorers recorded that hats were particularly popular among the people of the island.

Easter Island (Rapa Nui) & Moai Statues

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Owen Jarus writes about archaeology and all things about humans’ past for Live Science.

Moai range in size from a height of mozis than 1. The tree pollen disappeared from the record by A total of 60 people pulled on several ropes in moaks attempts to tow the moai. With the adoption of Christianity in the s, the remaining standing moai were toppled. InJo Anne Van Tilburg suggested fewer than half that number could do it by placing the sledge on lubricated rollers. Ahu are similar to structures found in the Society Islands, in French Polynesia, where upright stone slabs stood for chiefs.

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Moai – Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The jaw lines stand out against the truncated neck. Another theory suggests that the moai were placed on top of logs and were rolled to their destinations. The exception is the seven Ahu Akivi which face out to sea to help travelers find the island. Its moai were toppled during the statue toppling period and in the ahu was swept inland by a tsunami. Many of the moai were transported to and installed on an ahu —a stone pedestal upon which several moai were mounted, facing inland across the island.

Based on detailed studies of the statues found along prehistoric roads, archaeologists Terry Hunt and Carl Lipo have shown that the pattern of breakage, form and position of statues is consistent with an “upright” hypothesis for transportation.

Other scholars concluded that it was probably not the way the moai were moved due to the reported damage to the base caused by the “shuffling” motion. Pukao may have represented dressed hair or headdresses of red feathers worn by chiefs throughout Polynesia. These stone giants were created by the Rapa Nui to represent their ancestors or past rulers, who after dying had the ability to extend their mana spiritual power over the tribe to protect it. In contrast to those at other sites on the island, the moai at Ahu Akivi face the ocean.

Over 70 discarded Pukao have been found along the road and on raised ceremonial platforms.

Archaeologist Charles Love experimented with a ten-ton replica. Ina Finnish tourist chipped a piece off the ear of one moai.